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Association Between Pesticide Residue Intake From Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables and Pregnancy Outcomes Among Women Undergoing Infertility Treat
Findings:In a cohort of 325 women undergoing infertility treatment with assisted reproductive technology, intake of high–pesticide residue fruits and vegetables was associated with a lower probability of live birth, while low–pesticide residue fruit and vegetable intake was not associated with this outcome.
217. Does diet influence the chance of pregnancy after IVF [Forum/Discussion]
from: Administrator (office@fertaid.com), Australia on 15/03/2018 5:04:14 PM Profession:
Comment: In this study from an American clinic, the diet of couples attending for IVF appeared to show that increased exposure to low-level pesticides reduce the probability of pregnancy after IVF treatment.
Submission In this report from the USA, the fertility group surveyed the diet of 325 women undertaking IVF treatment over 541 cycles. Based upon criteria for pesticide loading from the US Department of Agriculture, they estimated the pesticide exposure based upon their submitted consumption of fruit and vegetables. Even though the food was below the safe criteria for such food, some food may have been exposed to more pesticides than others. Thus depending on the extent of consumption of each type of food, they authors computed a daily pesticide residue. Women who consumed more pesticide residues has a 26% lower chance of a live birth than those women whose diet of fruit and vegetables with a low pesticide residues.
Thus among the many factors that contribute to a couples chance of pregnancy, most of which cannot be avoided, diet is one area where a change in diet may help the client. What is scary about this data is that even though a client may be trying to do the right thing and have several serves of fruit and vegetables a day, not all serves are equal. Maybe future publications will elucidate which fruit and vegetables are low and high in possible pesticide residues but at present, it seems that organic food may be the safest approach.
In a previous study the authors have shown a link between diminished semen parameters and pesticide residue levels and in this paper extended it to the female as well. It may be reasonable for clinic staff to at least mention this to attending couples and suggest that organic food, while expensive, may give them a better chance of having a baby.
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